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Drug Abuse Report for 2012

Series/Special. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports on cases of underage drinking, marijuana use, prescription drug use and cigarette smoking. New.

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Us 8, Dr. Koh 5, Boehner 4, John Boehner 4, John Brennan 3, America 2, Obama 2, Virginia 2, Dr. Volkow 2, Dr. Volkoh 2, Nancy Pelosi 1, Dr. Kerikowske 1, Dr. Lloyd Johnson 1, Jonathan Martin 1, Eric Cantor 1, Mr. Boehner 1, Salvia 1, Obama Administration 1, Koh 1, Lsd 1,
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  CSPAN    Drug Abuse Report for 2012    Series/Special. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports  
   on cases of underage drinking, marijuana use, prescription...  

    December 23, 2012
    2:00 - 2:55am EST  

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one of the funny things that is going on with the tax rate situation is that everyone is talking about this as a new revenue. president obama says his plan would produce x dollars more than boehner's plan. both of them are talking about extending tax cuts for 98% of the people. but the main loss of revenue to the government according to a current law is. that is why the caller said we need to go over the cliff. i'm surprised that many callers were willing to go over the cliff. she mentioned that would be a chance for a recess, i think that is part of what is going on with people who believe they want to go
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from the republican standpoint, if you go over the cliff and the tax rates go back up, you instantly thought and the tax base. it also means more taxpayers are paying. instead of having 50% of taxpayers having no liability because their income is too low and because of deductions, you have a higher percentage that are pain and a broader base. you have more people to start sweating out more money from. once you do these spending cuts, then you decide from the standpoint of, we have already cut all this money, what do we absolutely need to add that in. in some ways, the reset would be shocking for members of congress to go through it. host: larry, you are on the line.
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caller: mine is a simple solution. we cannot keep going with the unlimited budget spending. my thought is one item, 1 vote. why don't we change what people want to hear and just vote on it? that is as transparent as it gets. guest: i do not think it will work because the size of the government is so big and the number of line items -- you simply could not do it. congress would spend every moment passing spending bills. the caller's point is correct. congress is supposed to pass a budget and then does appropriations bills.
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they are playing with monopoly money and have been for the last two decade or so. as long as you can borrow from the future to pay for what you are trying to do now, whether it be tax cuts or spending, democrats get their programs and republicans get their lower tax rates and we continue to live on borrowed time. the reason everything has been so rough for the last couple of years is that both sides have come to the realization that they can no longer continue to do that. the time for borrowing from the future is ending. that is when you see all the problems with the fiscal cliff, the debt deal from last year, the cr -- all of these issues of tax rates and spending are hitting because people do not want to continue to steal from the future to pay for now. host: stephen dinan was the the politics editor at the washington times.
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he covered the legislature in virginia. he has a bachelor's from the university of virginia. in the new york times this morning, there was an article with the headline, boehner finds the speaker's chair can be lonely. republicans fell 20 votes short of those needed to pass mr. boehner's bill that would make permanent musharraf tax cuts for households under $1 million per year -- make permanent the bush tax cuts for households under $1 million per year. the republican team could not bring enough members on board even though many of those who declined to support the measure told republican leadership that they secretly hoped it would pass. ixion's like some of these guys -- the speaker and the majority -- it sounds like some of these guys who the speaker and the majority leader thought they had the support of were talking out of both sides of their mouths.
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yes and they were hoping they would not have to take the -- guest: they were hoping they would not have to take the that vote to make this go away. in some ways, it is bad we did not get to have a vote because it would have been interesting to see who came down on what side of this. in the article, you are seeing the exact same conflict you are seeing on capitol hill. people are saying, here are my principles. is more important that we get a deal right now. others are saying, i want to see a deal, but my principles are more important.
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i cannot be seen taking that vote. in the democratic party -- one caller mentioned social security. you are starting to see a similar backlash from the left over president obama's offered to john brennan to allow the cost of living increase for social security -- it is a lower estimate of inflation, which would mean social security benefits would rise at a lower rate in the future and could save a decent amount of money for the government. seniors and others and others with disabilities are getting lower rates in the future. a number of liberal groups say that is a benefits cut. they say they will primary any democrats who vote for it. they said if nancy pelosi votes for it, they will not offer for our support if she tries to run for the minority leader of the democrats.
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host: speaking of the leadership situation, talk to me a little bit about the lead -- allegiances in the house, punching in among the republicans. do the republicans favor the leadership of eric cantor more than the leadership of john boehner and? will this cost john boehner his -- more than the leadership of john boehner? will this cost john brennan his speakership? guest: boehner said the members were not angry with him. they were not showing dissatisfaction with him. one of the other things about that was that standing next to him at the press conference was eric cantor. that was a clear sign that these guys are tied together and eric cantor is not ready to unseat john brennan. there was a lot of symbolism in that press conference. -- ready to unseat john boehner.
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if he goes back and stars to negotiate with president obama and tries to bring back the deal at this conference cannot accept again, the danger to him does arise. from what i was told thursday night, he gave a well-received speech to the conference. he said, i did not have the votes. his speech was well-received by them. he is well liked by those members. as of right now, he is not in in any immediate danger right now. depending on -- he is not in any immediate danger right now. host: will call on our line for independents. caller: i have hit some number crunching. these entitlements get to me.
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i have prayed $182,000 in social security over my working years. if you add taxes to it, it is 376,000. at 62, if i can retire, i would have paid $840,000. at 64, i would receive 8020 -- 18 $200. the-$8,200. -- $8,200. that is not entitlements. that is what is owed to people who have worked all their lives. i think if these people put us over the cliff, it is treason. guest: i am not sure what numbers those are. host: it seems that his basic
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concern is that he would not get out of it when he has paid into it. guest: it depends on how long we live in our life span. on the average, the system is designed that you get out what you pay into it. i guess i would say that the numbers vary for every individual in what they are paying nothing get out. for what it is worth, with the caller is talking about, social security sends the form out every year and tells you how much you have paid into the system per year and it goes back through your work history and it tells you what your expected benefits are. you can do the same calculations the caller is doing.
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host: we have this week. hasn't republican party the would ask policies from reagan shifted to lower income working people? -- republican party policies shifted to lower income working people having the burden? guest: working people pay an extraordinary percentage of the income tax burden. they pay a vast majority of the income tax burden. i do not know what the shift has been. over the last three decades, an increasing number of people have no income tax burden on the lower end because of the proliferation of these deductions like child tax credit and home mortgage deduction. if these people with so many things they get to take off from their taxes that they simply do not have to pay income
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taxes at the end of the a. that is a big issue. when you are talking about -- simply do not have income tax at the end of the year. you are talking about trying to get more revenue. you are talking about an ever smaller turnout you are trying to squeeze blood out of. host: our last call for stephen comes from mark on our republican line. caller: i am concerned about if taxes go up again. it is not to the point of trying to take care of a child and get him into college -- trying to pay for medication both my wife and i need. host: mark?
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we have lost mark. stephen diana, -- dinan, have the last word. guest: caller is talking about taxes getting too high and he is unable to afford those things. president obama is offering government assistance for a number of things like college tuition tax credits, health- care drug bills. this is the fundamental debate. is it better to have low benefits in society where an individual vents to make those decisions and will suffer by not -- individual gets to make
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those decisions for a society where the government is able to pay for more of those benefits and provide assistance for college at the expense of higher taxes. that is underlying the fiscal cliff and everything going on on capitol hill behind us. that is the philosophical question. i tax, high benefits or a low tax, low benefits. host: the president is on his way to high this weekend. i am assuming speaker boehner is going to high and majority leader reid is going to nevada. will there be any discussions between anybody over the next week or so? when do we expect these five banks -- these guys will come back to wrap this up? guest: they will come back and wrap up the supplemental bill hand and a couple of pieces of legislation they have to do -- supplemental bill has and a couple of pieces of legislation they have to do anyway. u.s. something all of us on capitol hill are dying to find out. when -- you ask something of a
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who worked on capitol hill are dying to find out. at the present's post office -- press conference, someone yelled, when are you coming back? we want to have the longest section possible. host: thanks for being on the program. we will continue talking about >> we are joined by the authors of the nearly released the book, "the end of the line." glenn thrush and jonathan martin. live it 7:00 eastern and c-span. >> as president obama begins his
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second term, what is the most important issue to consider in 2013? >> make a short video about your message to the president up. c-span a student can competition. >> a chance to win $5,000. the deadline is january 18. go to studentcam.org. >> the national institute of drug abuse director talks about the abuse of prescription drugs like adderoll. >> i want to welcome everybody here and thank you for being here. we are monitoring the future, it is a way for us to get a pulse of the drug use among high
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school students. also, very importantly about their perceptions. through this information we can have prescripts -- this year we have indicators that are going to work the negative side, indicators that are going towards the positive side. i will start with those on the negative side because i think we need to pay attention to them in order to prevent them from going up. that relates to marijuana use. we have seen significant increases in the use of marijuana among the teenagers, high-school students, and indeed, significant high levels of daily use marijuana. 6.5% of 12th graders are using
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marijuana daily and only 44% of 12th graders received daily marijuana use as a risky. we have seen through our surveys done a significant increase in the number of admissions for marijuana abuse that has increased as well as increases in the admission for emergency medicine from the department. the increases in use of marijuana are being felt in terms of their consequences. another indicator that is worrisome is a relatively recent -- they came into the market relatively recently are
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already abused by 11% of 12th graders in the past year, which is an extremely high number if you think about it. considering you have on the one side marijuana increases and on the other -- we are recognizing that we're going into an era being favored. i always get axed the question, why worry about marijuana since alcohol and nicotine are more wary some? people like to place one drug against the other. my necessary is -- my opinion is you do not need to place one against the other. the higher you make it available, the more people that will be exposed to it. we also know that the use of
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marijuana during adolescence is actually bad for the function of the human brain that translates into worst outcomes. with respect to the indicators that are going in the right direction, many are decreasing because this is good news. of the illicit drugs and alcohol and nicotine continue to go down among teenagers. across all of the grades, nicotine is the lowest the prevalence rates have been since the inception of the measurements. for alcohol we're seeing decreases and alcohol use across all ages. we know that alcohol and nicotine are the drugs that cause the greatest rates of mortality. these are quite wonderful use -- news that identifies the success
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of the prevention efforts. we have been able to decrease alcohol and tobacco use and the young people because of an aggressive campaign. with respect to indicators that have not changed much is the pattern we are seeing a prescription medication throughout the country. the use of pain medication that contains opium because of a high rate of overdose and death. as it relates to fight it then -- vicodin, it has gone down. it is currently 7.5% the past year. those of oxycodin remains steady. as much as these drugs are highly addictive, it continues to be a major priority with respect to prevention. we are seeing an increase in the abuse of stimulant medications which are used for
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attention deficit disorder, in particular adderall, a drug that is highly addictive. is being used to improve cognitive performance. we're seeing increases in 2009, 7.9% of 12th graders admit to the use of adderall for nonmedical purposes. as we try to determine what do they tell us, i think they are identified areas where we need to pay attention and not become complacent. regardless of our perception on whether the drug is worse than the other, we do recognize the more available a drug is regardless of its addictive per -- potential, the worse the outcomes. do we want to be seeing the rates with legal drugs for drugs like marijuana or do we want to do prevention efforts that can
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avoid all of the human cost and the medical consequences. thank you very much. >> thank you. i fail to mention that dr. volkow has been the director since 2003 and has led efforts to make sure drug abuse is known as a chronic brain condition. we appreciate the leaders of the doctor has taken in a leading us. the next speaker is dr. howard oh. -- koh. he oversees a number of offices including the office of the surgeon general and the department of human health services and serves as a senior public health adviser. with that, dr. koh.
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[applause] >> thank you very much for inviting me to this very important conference. i want to express my gratitude to you and dr. volkoh, dr. kerikowske. a special thanks to dr. jonathan because monitoring the future is a treasure for public health. it is a great pleasure for me to be here. at -- we should remember that of all these agents, tobacco remains the leading cause of premature and preventable death in the united states. smoking kills more than 1200 americans every day. for every tobacco related death, there are two a new replacement cigarette smokers
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under the age of 26. it is tragic these replacement smokers are kids who start when they are not fully ready to make an informed choice. you have heard, and it is true, tobacco addiction is a pediatric disease. three out of fort teens who smoke continued to smoke into an adult would. a typical smoker loses 13 or 14 years of life. today we announced that cigarette use among the youth is dropping, and that is very positive news. that still means nearly 1 in 5 high-school seniors, 17.1%, are still using cigarettes in the past month. we should remember that kids are not just replacement cigarette users, they also use an array of
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other deadly tobacco products as well. the industry continues to create many tobacco products that you find appealing. some cigarettes sized cigars include fruit and candy flavor unlike strawberry and grape. kids have access to the latest smokeless tobacco products that are specialists or dissolve like mints. these are appealing to people because they can be used at school or at home in front of mom and dad and not be detected. these products, too, cause nicotine addiction and can lead to serious disease and even death. the data announced today suggests a considerable amount of use of other tobacco products, more than one-quarter of males, 27.1% using small cigars.
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for the use of other tobacco products such as hookah is high. 18.5% of high-school seniors report using a hookah in the past year. while the declines in its cigarette use is interesting, we must do over all more to help kids be tobacco free. the significant use of other tobacco products threaten to offset the gains made in the declines a in cigarette use today. what shall we do? we know what works, supporting comprehensive tobacco free policies, fully supporting implementation of the historic 2009 family smoking prevention and tobacco control act, expanding the tobacco services and using media to encourage people, especially young the kids to live a tobacco free.
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last month the department of health and human services unveiled a website for our department. please visit it. we are pleased to note recently our food and drug administration announced an award of nine contracts with a budget of up to $600 million over five years to develop a sustainable public health education campaign to address the pervasive public health problem of tobacco use in kids. we are looking forward to coming back to you again for the future to tell you how this campaign will be unveiled, how it will be launched, and how we focus on many parts of the youth population to send a message of prevention. overall, the survey is still valuable because of reports usage rates not just for tobacco but all illicit drugs
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and alcohol as well. when you put it altogether, some 40% of 10th graders and about half of 12th graders are using at least one if not several of these substances. we must work together to prevent -- we must work together for prevention to force alcohol control policies, trade environments that empower young people not to drink or use other drugs for use tobacco, identify alcohol and other drug abuse disorders early and provide brief intervention, referral, and treatments and reduce inappropriate access to a use of prescription drugs. i am grateful to the doctor who has supported a robust research portfolio on prevention. we urge you to visit drugabuse.gov to view the
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principles of prevention. you may also want to look into the family checkup, a tool developed by the child and family center of the university of oregon that highlights parenting skills and preventing the progression of drug use among youth. as i close, we should remind ourselves of our good health is a gift. it is precious. it is fragile. it is particularly fragile for the kids. while we have made progress on a number of these issues, we need to redouble our efforts for prevention. we can all do more to help our kids enjoyed a fighting chance for health. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you, dr. koh. i have had the fortunate
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opportunity to interact with dr. koh and his staff over a number of initiatives. currently, i am working with dr. volkoh and previously working with mr. kerlikowske who was confirmed as the director of the office of national drug control policy in the white house. indisposition he coordinates all aspects of federal drug control programs -- in this position he courted all aspects of federal drug control prog -- programs. he recently served for nine years as the chief of police for seattle washington where he left crime at its lowest point in 40 years. [applause] >> good morning. thank you very much for being here. this is a wonderful opportunity
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for me to associate again on this month -- monitoring the future report. in the -- the assistant secretary of health could not be a stronger partner and the responsibility we have as adults for young people are particularly important. i am looking forward to hearing from you. it is always a great pleasure to be with dr. johnson who has given us the information that helps so much in that not only making policy but also the information needed to improve the nation's health, in particular the health of young people. there are a couple of important things i really took from this report. to put it a little bit into context, remembered this is a
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snapshot of the prior year. i think it is helpful to think about where we have been in the drug abuse and feel for the past number of decades. actually, over the past three decades. as we craft policy, it is helpful to take a look at that. we have made huge strides forward in reducing illegal drug use in a america. despite the increases over the past several years, over the long term the rates among young people today are far lower than they were 30 years ago. we have to continue a downward trend and we have to work on that very hard at. we have troubling signs as dr. volkow mentioned. we have to educate and people about the risks. just as we have educated about the harms of tobacco and the dangers of alcohol impaired
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driving, that information needs to be communicated, not in a threatening way or the scare tactic way, but it needs to be communicated in a direct way by parents and other adults. they can provide that kind of leadership. as the president has noted, we have changed attitudes regarding smoking and alcohol impaired driving. we can do the same when it comes to the findings around drugs. we recognize the impact drug use has on this country and to many of us have been touched by lives cut short by an overdose. futures that have been significantly reduced or impacted by substance abuse. unfortunately, drugs hold back to many americans from living up to the best things that they want to achieve in their lives. today's findings give us some insight, information that will be used to develop evidence based policies, not the policy
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of ideology or the policies of in which way the winds happen to be blowing on this issue but the evidence and research and a dead needed to make a change. young people represented in today's studies are making decisions that will define their future and the future of this country. the health of the next generation of american leaders and innovators and citizens is just critically important for all of us. they deserve the strength and support from us to make the health the decisions and to choose a life that is not hindered by drug use. that is why the monitoring and features survey is so important as it can access to their experiences. thanks to the work going on in the survey, we do have the information that we need it. the obama administration is focused on one particular area, and that is prescription drug abuse. this year's monitoring the
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future results show that has yielded some positive outcomes including the decrease in the past use of pain relievers by high school seniors. it continues to help prevent the abuse, we really encourage americans to keep track of the prescription medications in their homes and to dispose of those unused or and needed medications properly. we have a lot of information on our web sites that are very helpful to you. i think the message that dr. koh presented are particularly important to the health of young people. despite the decline of many of illicit drugs, the survey contains some disconcerting news. marijuana use remains at unacceptable levels and it has increased in all three of the grade levels mentioned in recent years. over the past several years, the
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perception of harm and risk to run the risk of marijuana has declined it. the percentage of high-school seniors that believe smoking marijuana regularly is harmful is lower than it has been since the 1970's. historically this not only leads to increased use, but we have seen that in the survey results. more surveys -- were students report smoking marijuana than cigarettes. often users are uninformed and i eve about the dangers posed by the substances such as k2, the synthetics that have been receiving a lot of media attention. they were first brought to real awareness by the survey's instrument results from two years ago. we hope to see some decreases in the use of the synthetics, but
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the troubling numbers in the survey shows that young people turn to those also. most of the one time use of 12th graders reporting sudden-death -- synthetics is alarmingly high. despite the psychotic affects of some of the use of k2 is troubling. we have to redouble our efforts to prevent more the this harm associated with it. in recent years we have seen an increase in the abuse of the stimulant adderall which had been accompanied by a increase in the risks of that drug. with the availability on college
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campuses going up, we have to examine how young people are using those drugs. that brings me to my final point. showing them how marijuana use harms the developing brain or empowering them to live free of tobacco and alcohol, the parents, teachers, coaches can really have an incredibly positive effect on young people prevention is the best tool that we have. the national media campaign is called above the influence. we have seen about 2 million young people who have taken up the message of prevention, and they make it their own for their own interpretation of art, poetry, music and the written word. we hope you take a look at. we have been humbled to see energy and creativity of
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america's youth as they make positive choices in their lives and refuting the prodrug messages that overwhelm them. we continue to support that message. i will turn us back over to dr. stein. thank you very much. [applause] >> our next speaker is dr. lloyd johnson who is the distinguished senior research scientist at the university of michigan social research and the principal investigator of the monitoring the future studies since its inception in 1975, which is an amazing contribution he has provided to understand the trends in the drug use. he served as an adviser to the
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white house, congress, and many international bodies and has conducted research in a wide variety of issues including the use of alcohol, tobacco and various illicit drugs. [applause] >> thank you very much. good morning to all of you. i am pleased so many of you have turned out. it is a pleasure to announce results from the steady joining dr. koh and dr. volkow. despite all of the years, i actually get younger. each time we do a survey, a special arrangements. you have heard a lot of the results of these.
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i will focus on some of the highlights i think most interesting and important this year. one of those has to do with bath salts. you have heard a lot about that salts, as dangerous as they can be. i do not believe there has been any good empirical evidence about how extensive their use is. for the first time this year we had it in the survey. we find that the results are very low level use. a little over 1% have used in the past year. 12th graders, less than 1%. that is the good news. it could be that we are getting in on a late downturn because according to the national poison control centers, the reports of bath salts went up dramatically in 2010 but have been declining
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since and it dropped by more than half and they are still declining. i think maybe what has happened here is the fda schedule some of the ingredients and the over- the-counter drugs, which it had nothing to do with bath salts. that is the term used to make them look legitimate. i think the media coverage has been so intense that probably a lot of kids have gotten the message. the main point is, we are at a low level compared to what we might have had. synthetic marijuana is a drug that has made inroads and is the second most widely used drug among eight through 10th graders and aid third and 12th graders after marijuana.
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today one in nine seniors say they have used synthetic marijuana that they buy in the various head shops or novelty stores. what is more disturbing is that it has not gone down. it is exactly where it was last year. despite the fact the dea scuttled a number of drugs which are used a denture the substances. marijuana remains the most widely used of all the drugs, that has not changed for many years. after rising for four years, it leveled off this year. the bad news is daily marijuana use has maintained at a high level, probably the highest in the last 30 years that we have seen where 6.5% of high-school seniors say they smoke marijuana
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daily in the past month. that is about one in every 15 seniors. given the increasing information about the consequences including dependents, brain damage, the effect on iq, that is really a concern. there are positive developments this year for sure. ecstasy is down, salvia is down, inhalants are down. taking heroin without a needle is also down. that was a type of heroin use that really burgeoned in the 1990's. other narcotic drugs, specifically oxycotin and viodin
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were down this year, too. the proportion of kids using prescription drugs of any kind has leveled for several years to about 15% of high-school seniors who say they have used one of our exports without medical supervision in the prior year. most of the remaining drugs, and there are many now, either hold steady or shown on significant declines this year, many of them are well below levels they have been at five or 10 years ago. it includes some important ones like cocaine, crack, methamphetamines, crystal meth, lsd, steroids. you have heard it bought a couple of the illicit drugs,
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cigarette smoking continues its long-term decline. it is really a dramatic decline over the past 15 years. it was down again this year, the average across three grades from 11.7% to 10.6%. that is significant and about a 9% drop in the number of kids smoking. i cannot begin to tell you what that is going to mean for the long-term health and longevity of the youngsters. something else that i found this year was the other forms of tobacco he is concerned about, smokeless tobacco in general, has declined. other forms like hookah and so forth stayed level this year. i think i na way that is good news. you like to see them down.
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alcohol is really at the lowest level we have seen in the life of the study, as our cigarettes. that is pretty dramatic considering how prevalent alcohol is in this culture. it is only down in the eighth graders, 12 craters show a slight uptick where it went from 22% to 24% who said in the last two weeks they have had five or more drinks at least once. alcohol availability to eighth graders continue to decline. as did tobacco availability. i think some policy efforts of their probably at the local and state levels are having any effect of in cutting down access
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to the drugs for young people. marijuana use is level, daily use on high levels. synthetic marijuana use also is level, but remains at a high rate, one out of every nine 12th graders. cigarette smoking is declining and is at historically low levels. alcohol use is declining, but is up a little in 12th grade. a number of the illicit drugs including some very important ones are declining. finally, bath salts have not made a serious inroad at this point. i think that is encouraging. thank you. [applause] >> before we open it up for questions from the press, we thought it would be important to
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ground us in terms of people must affected by the findings of the survey, and that really is our future generations. we came upon our next speaker a couple of months ago at a town forum in arlington virginia. i was so struck by his story that we invited chris to come and join us to speak briefly about his experiences and help us get a better perspective on how the impact these findings may have in future prevention efforts. [applause] >> hello. thank you for having me up here. i do not necessarily feel qualified to stand up here with you guys, but what are you going to do? i am here. i have never done bath salts. i was just thinking about that. i know, for me, when i was using
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drugs, i probably would have used bath salts of it was available, because my drug of choice was whatever was laid out in front of me. it started with using marijuana. a couple of you guys talking about alcohol and marijuana -- alcohol and cigarettes, they were not really available when i was 13. they were controlled and you needed an id. when you are 13 it is hard to have a fake i.d. that says you are 21. marijuana was available, and it was natural. i was terrified of it. everybody told me it was a gateway drug. my friends likened it to propaganda. i ended up smoking marijuana when i was 13.
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it hit me, and it had this effect of -- that i wanted and i chased that. i built my life around that, pretty much. my group of friends drop off and i started hanging out with people who smoked marijuana like i did. eventually, it was not enough. eventually just smoking marijuana was not enough. i remember the first time i did something else i was at a party, i was high and somebody put out a white line in front of me. they said, it is cocaine. i was terrified. all of the stuff that i had heard. the only thing that came out of my mouth was, yes. i did it. i remember looking back a couple of minutes later like, oh my
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gosh. i did cocaine. what i proceeded to do was use more cocaine for the next couple of months. a couple of people were talking about it up here, i ended up getting like it in from one of our friend's parents madison cabinets. -- medicine cabinets. my tolerance was getting higher and i had this feeling like, is, that is what i want. i grew up in mclean, va., and oxycotin flooded our town. i use did a lot. eventually, i somehow started dealing drugs. i was a dealer before a even knew it. i started going through withdrawals for the drug.
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people started cracking down, and it was harder to find. all of a sudden, we were scientists. we were like, heroin is only a couple of molecules away. so i was like, ok, i will do that. that night i shot up heroin. i remember at the same moment, i kept having these moments like, did i to shoot up heroin? what is going on? i need to stop. but i did not. eventually my tolerance was high with that. just like any drug -- i am a convicted felon today because i was stealing to get my drugs. my whole life was to use drugs and i needed to use drugs. when you